Our cattle are fed a very simple diet consisting of hay, straw, and peas during the finishing stage. Last night we ground our next month's supply of hay and straw. The hay comes from our own fields, and is roughly 60% alfalfa and 40% grass. We cut and bale it at its peak nutritional value in June. Hay is a great way to store nutrients that are abundant in the summer, to be fed during the winter when plants are dormant and lower in protein, carbohydrates, etc... The straw comes from local farmers, and consists of stems left over from harvested wheat. There is not much nutritional value in straw but it provides a lot of fiber, which is important for gut health.
We will discuss peas and their benefits in the future. Right now I am heading out to wean the calves from the cows. Hope everything goes well.